Wood is a great material for building structures or furniture because it can be both strong and beautiful. However, in order to get the best look out of your wood, you’ll need to stain it. This guide will discuss how to properly stain wood so that you can enjoy its natural beauty while also protecting against rot and decay.
Step 1: Prepare the Materials
- 80 grit sandpaper
- 120 grit sandpaper
- Tack cloth
- Pre-stain wood conditioner
- Stir sticks
- 2 foam brushes
- 2 lint-free rags
Step 2: Prepare the Wood
One of the best things you can do to protect your new wood project from scratches is by sanding it down. It’s important that before staining, we first prep our projects with 80 grit sandpaper in order for there be no damage or scarring on top coatings- which means they will last longer.
Then move on to 120 grit sandpaper one more time just make sure everything looks good as new again.
Step 3: Wipe Down the Wood
You want your stain to be as smooth and even as possible, so it’s best not only after sanding but also before you start staining. To do this just use a tack cloth on any loose debris left behind from last time around with the wood-wiping down until everything looks nice and clean again.
The importance of cleaning up all those little pieces that can get stuck in between pores during these processes cannot really go unnoticed.
Step 4: Apply the Pre-Stain Conditioner
The first step to staining your wood is applying a pre-stain conditioner. This will help the color penetrate better and not be absorbed by pores in the surface like regular solvents can do, making it last longer.
To apply, pour a small amount of the pre-stain conditioner onto a foam brush and rub it into your wood in an even manner. Let it sit for up to five minutes before wiping off excess liquid from any area that has been applied.
Step 5: Wipe Off the Excess Pre-Stain Conditioner
You want to make sure that you wipe off any excess pre-stain wood conditioner before applying the stain. A clean, lint-free towel or rag will do wonders in getting rid of this excess residue from your project.
Step 6: Prepare the Wood Stain
We recommend giving your wood stain a stir with an old-fashioned wooden stick before staining. It’ll really make sure everything gets evenly distributed and protects all parts from drying out too quickly which could lead to cracking later on when applied thickly without sufficient time between coats.
Step 7: Apply the Wood Stain
You can use a new foam brush to apply the wood stain, which is perfect for projects made from woods with pronounced grain patterns. Dab some into the deeper grooves and knotholes if you’re working against them or even work quickly across an entire surface area in order not to lose your desired look.
Step 8: Wait to Dry
To give the stain more depth, let it sit for 1 to 3 minutes. If you need your stains darker before removing them try adding an additional coat after they’ve dried and are still wet.
Step 9: Wipe Off the Excess Stain
Clean up any excess stain with a new lint-free cloth, going along the grain to avoid swirls or marks in your finish. Let dry for 1 hour before applying another coat of wax or polycrylic topcoat.
This is how you stain wood in just a few simple steps!
Make sure that your rags and brushes are laid out flat to dry, especially if they’ve been used with oil-based stains.
What Should You Use to Apply the Stain?
One of the most important parts of staining is choosing what you’re going to use for your project and how much. There are a few different options, but if we were talking just basic paint stains there would be two: water-based or oil-based finishes with brushes meant only one way (one type) respectively.
For water-based stains, use a bristle brush meant for acrylic or latex paint. You can also apply the same techniques using clean lint-free rags.
Oil-based stains are great because they can be applied in many different ways. Oil-based finishes are designed to be used with a brush, but you could also use the same type of tools for water-based paints or latex paint depending on your desired look.
What Happens If You Don’t Wipe Off Stain?
It is important to know that wood stain is designed for staining, not painting. If applied too thickly or with the excess stain still left on after completion of the project, it can ruin any surface beneath due to its sticky nature; so be mindful when handling this product.
Should I Sand Between Coats Of Stain?
Sanding is a great way to remove any imperfections in your project before you apply the final coat, but it’s not necessary. The surface will be smoother and more beautiful with each pass of the grit sandpaper. If there are still some rough spots after one coat has dried, use extra-fine steel wool instead.