Painted wood can add a great deal of personality to any room in your house. However, you may have already realized that painted wood chips easily and is difficult to cover up. It is possible to paint over stained wood with certain products and techniques, however, the results vary depending on the type of stain used on the wood flooring or furniture.
If the correct preparation has not been carried out, then this may not work and the surface of the wood could become ruined.
Here we have a guide on how you can prepare a painted surface for what was once stained wood.
Step 1: Cleaning
Preparation can be the difference between an average paint job and a spectacular one. The key to a great paint job starts with the surface you’re beginning with. It must be clean and dry.
The stained wood should be cleaned to remove any loose dirt and debris. Ensure that the dust is removed from between cracks in the boards as this can prevent paint from sticking to them properly.
Use a dry duster to remove surface dust from the stained wood. This will ensure that the surface is not contaminated with foreign objects, particularly if you are painting over stained wood. A vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment will work well for this purpose.
In order to ensure that your stained wood is clean, prepare it by washing it thoroughly using a cleaner or degreaser. Once you’ve finished, leave it for a few hours before continuing.
Step 2: Sanding
Sanding is required if there are any nicks or chips in the wood. If the stain seeped deep into the grain of the wood, you may have to go over it again with sandpaper. Use fine-grit sandpaper (220-grit) to smooth out the entire floor or furniture piece.
Inspect your work and continue sanding until all nicks are filled in and the surface is smooth. If you have an electric sander, this process will be much easier.
Be careful not to inhale any sawdust that comes off, and always wear a face mask. This step not only helps the paint stick better, but it will also give an even appearance after you paint.
Step 3: Clean Off All the Dust
No matter how careful you are when sanding, there will always be wood dust. That dust will be your enemy when it comes to painting, as it prevents the paint from adhering well.
If you see any dust particles after sanding, use a vacuum cleaner or shop vac and filter out as much of the debris as possible. This should be done outside or in a space that can easily and quickly be cleaned.
After this has been completed, then wipe over the stained wood with a cloth. This will remove any remaining surface dust and also ensure that no particles of grit or dirt remain.
Step 4: Add Masking Tape
Next, you will need to add masking tape to the area. When painting stained wood, it’s important to make sure that all of the edges are covered in order to prevent any overspill in your stained wood. It is also essential that this protective layer doesn’t touch the actual surface of the wood itself, so take care when applying it.
Step 5: Applying Primer
Now you are ready to prime your stained wood floor or furniture piece. Be sure to purchase a good-quality wood sealer that can be used on both hard and soft woods.
You will need two coats of this product to ensure that the paint will adhere evenly. Apply one coat with a high-quality bristle brush, and let it dry for at least an hour before applying a second coat.
Step 6: Painting
Apply semi-gloss paint to the stained wood. You will need one coat of this product, and it may take two coats for complete coverage.
Give your paint a few coats to get a nice even color. As stained wood is often porous and uneven, it may take a while for the paint to dry. Be patient and allow sufficient time for this before going on with your project.
Step 7: Remove Mask
Once you’ve finished painting, simply remove the masking tape, and voila.
This should not take more than a day, depending on the size and condition of the floor or furniture piece. Remember, you will need to let the primer and paint dry for 24 hours.
You now have a beautifully stained wood with a fresh new coat of paint. Job well done!
Step 8: Apply a Clear Coat Over Your Paint (Optional)
You can apply a clear coat or wax over your newly painted floor or furniture piece to make it shine.